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Employment at a Glance: 2000-2018

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  • Employment at a Glance: 2000-2018

Ted Mallett, vice-president & chief economist

Andreea Bourgeois, senior analyst

Aggregate employment trends often look smooth, but they usually mask considerable structural and cyclical differences by business type. Employment in the private sector lagged the public sector in 2018, with growth in small enterprises almost flat. Longer term, only the construction, professional services and healthcare sectors have shown any meaningful growth in the under-20-employee segment, offsetting gradual declines in agriculture, retail and to some degree, manufacturing. Large employers dominate the mining, retail, financial and hospitality sectors, but they have been losing ground to mid-sized enterprises in most sectors in recent years. See pdf file in 'related documents' for a full chart summary by industry and province