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Alberta's Health & Safety rules: how you'll be affected

Safety checklist

Current Alberta Occupational Health and Safety Act (“OHSA”), Occupational Health and Safety Regulation and Occupational Health and Safety Code (“Code”).

As the employer, you are ultimately responsible for the health and safety of all workers and anyone else at your workplace. You must ensure that all staff are adequately trained and informed before performing any task.

Health and Safety Inspections

Business owners have started to call CFIB about recent inspections conducted on their places of business by an OHS Officer. These inspections are resulting in Orders being issued to members, in many cases, with short deadlines to comply. What these changes boil down to is that employers generally must ensure the workplace and work equipment are safe and the health and safety policies and procedures are being followed. Supervisors must ensure workers are able to carry out their jobs safely and in accordance with the health and safety policies and procedures, and that workers are aware of all potential dangers. With Inspectors currently visiting worksites and issuing Orders, please ensure you are taking steps to address the new legislative requirements. 

Preventing violence and harassment in the workplace

It is your duty to prevent harassment in the workplace. OHS now identifies psychological harm as a potential hazard. You are required to create a policy, conduct a hazard assessment, and implement protocols to address the potential risks (psychological harm should be approached in the same manner of any other hazard). As this is a major focus of the new changes, the Ministry of Labour has made available a sample template on your obligation as an employer.

If you have 5 to 19 employees…

One worker shall be appointed as a Health and Safety Representative.That representative is required to take additional employee training on workplace safety for a minimum of 16 hours (or two shifts worth, whichever is greater) per year.

If you have 20 or more employees...

You are required to form a Joint Work Site Health and Safety Committee (JWSHSC), consisting of minimum four people (half of which must be workers) and must meet at least quarterly. The committee must meet during work hours or will have to be paid for additional time spent on their duties in this role. Specialized safety training will also be required for committee members.

Your company must formalize and implement an official Health and Safety Program, comprising of a minimum of 10 sections including

  • a health and safety policy,
  • hazard identification,
  • an emergency response plan,
  • responsibility statements,
  • inspection schedules,
  • protocols for visitors and third parties,
  • orientation and training plans,
  • investigation procedures,
  • worker participation guidelines,
  • and any industry specific regulations that may pertain to your business
Roles and responsibilities

The role of the committee and representative is to advise and assist, not assume managerial responsibilities for health and safety in the workplace.

Committees and representatives help:

  • employers respond to health and safety concerns of workers
  • develop health and safety policies and safe work procedures
  • develop and promote education and training programs
  • participate in work site inspections and investigations
  • investigate worker reports of dangerous work and refusal to work
  • with health and safety orientations for new employees

Employers must:

  • provide adequate resources, time and training to help committees and representatives function effectively
  • hold meetings and carry out duties and functions during normal working hours
  • post the names and contact information of committee members and representatives where it can be seen by all workers, as well as a copy of the OH&S legislation

OHS Posting Requirements:

Employers of each jurisdiction and territories are required, by law, to post certain documentation and signage to protect the health and safety of workers. The law requires employers to post this information in the conspicuous areas that workers have easy access to it, and in places where it is likely to come to the attention of workers.

When an Injury Happens" Poster

CFIB Business Counsellors take the pain out of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) compliance

CFIB Business Counsellors regularly review legislative requirements, update and create materials for members, and work with health and safety officers to answer member concerns. If you are a small- or medium-sized business owner and would like more information on your health and safety responsibilities, CFIB encourages you to reach out to us. We can be reached at [email protected] or by calling 1-888-234-2232.