Economics

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Economic studies

Minimum wages: Adding duel to the fire

The release of two new studies of Seattle’s experience with its minimum wage ordinance has unleashed a flurry of praise and pushback from observers in this much debated field. That it followed closely on the heels of Ontario’s announced plans to push toward a $15/hour minimum wage by January 1, 2019 only reinforces the need to ensure that social engineering policies be based on or, at the very least, be accompanied by adequate analysis.

Minimum wage winners and losers far from certain

The drive to $15/hr minimum wages in some regions is adding uncertainty to employers' and employees' prospects alike. It is far from certain who precisely the winners and losers will be.

Part-time work: a matter of demand or supply?

Part-time employment is one of those work dimensions with advantages for employers and employees. In Canada’s case, about 19 percent of all jobs involve fewer than 30 hours per week.
 

Forced Savings: 2015 update

A macro-economic impact assessment of an expansion in the Canada Pension Plan
 

Mountains and Molehills—Small Business Deduction

With some questioning the value of the small business tax rate, CFIB chief economist Ted Mallett provided a thorough review of its merits for the Canada Tax Journal.
 

Provincial Retirement Pension “Plan B”

The Ontario, Manitoba and Prince Edward Island Governments are the latest to add to the already numerous proposals on universal pension plans. Based on past macro-econometric analysis by CFIB, one could expect adoption of an auxiliary retirement pension plan in these three provinces to cost up to 171,000 person-years of employment.
 

Forced savings: CPP/QPP increase would impact economy

CFIB’s latest report shows that increasing CPP and QPP benefits would result in significant negative impacts, including higher premiums for businesses and employees, significant job losses and lower wages for Canadians.
 

Canada’s Hidden Unfunded Public Sector Pension Liabilities

Canadians have known for a long time that the public sector pension scheme is unfair to taxpayers and small business owners, but it is also becoming clear that many public plans are structurally unbalanced and in need of immediate reform.
 

Public Sector Pensions: a Runaway Train

With enrolments in public sector pension plans growing at twice the rate of growth for private sector employment levels, Canadians could face higher taxes and reduced government services unless action is taken soon.
 

Forced Savings: Economic impacts of raising CPP/QPP retirement benefits and premiums

Using macro-econometric modeling to simulate the effect of doubling CPP/QPP benefits, and the attendant increases in premiums, CFIB finds that 1.2 million person years of employment will be lost in the short run and wages will be forced down roughly 2.5 per cent in the long run as people are forced to transfer current earnings to the future.
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